Camfed, The Campaign for Female Education, is an international non-profit organization that works to encourage and support education for girls with the ultimate vision of alleviating poverty socio-economic inequalities. The organization was initially established in 1991 when Ann Cotton traveled to Zimbabwe to learn more about the rural schooling practices and enrolment in the area. She discovered that the primary reason for why enrolment rates were so low was because of the overarching theme of poverty. Poverty prevents families from being able to pay for their children’s fees that are associated with school. Families were facing a choice between sending their boys or girls to schools, which typically results in the families choosing their sons because they have a higher chance of earning a higher paying job in the future. So, Cotton began a small grassroots campaign in Cambridge, England, which then evolved into Camfed in 1993.
Camfed supports and endorses the idea that all children should have equal access to education and quality of life. The reasoning behind supporting specifically girls is because as Cotton noted in her travels to Zimbabwe, girls face greater disadvantages such as, early marriage, early pregnancy and HIV and AIDS which poise as obstacles. As an organization oriented on activism, Camfed have developed programs that work to confront and transform the system that continually fails girls.
The organization has focusing on empowering girls and women through the channel of education in poor rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa, where the girls face dire hindrances towards their future due to the complications of wealth disparity. Camfed is transforming these communities by ultimately reinforcing the girls’ educational access. The model produced by Camfed has spread to more than 3.428 communities in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe have directly supported over 1,202,000 students to attend primary and secondary school, and over 3 million children have benefited from an improved learning environment.