Article of Note

August 4th, 2015

Migration, Women and Social Development in the Strawberry Agribusiness in Mexico

by Lourdes Arizpe and Josefina Aranda Migration

springerIn recent years, the women’s movement the world over has stressed the need in recent years, the women’s movement the world over has stressed the need to provide women with increased access to salaried employment in order to improve their living conditions. In some industrialized countries, however, the recession and long-term economic trends are making it more difficult for women to get adequate employment, because, among other reasons, many of the jobs traditionally held by women in industries—particularly in textiles, garment manufacturing, and electronics—are being relocated in developing countries (UNIDO 1980). In some cases, many of the labour-intensive agricultural activities in which women worked as wage labourers have also been shifting to developing regions. In the latter, as the economic structure maintains high levels of male and female unemployment, most governments welcome capital investments that will create employment and bring in foreign currency through exports.

Women and Social Development 11: 74-95, 2014.  [not open access]

Women, Politics, and a Way Forward

August 3rd, 2015
Homa Hoodfar, keynote speaker

Homa Hoodfar, keynote speaker

by student contributor Laura Kilbury

On July 30 at The Elliott School, women and men rose early in the morning to be a part of the Empowering Women through Political Participation & Empowering Politics through Women’s Participation conference hosted by The Global Gender Program.

The panelists who spoke at the conference were leaders in their field of academia and practice. The conference was honored to host panelists: Homa Hoodfar from the University of Concordia, Rosalyn Cooperman from the University of Mary Washington, Theresa Reidy from University College

Mona Tajali on Turkey

Mona Tajali on Turkey

Cork, Maryam Batool from Lahore College for Women University, Mona Tajali from University of Oxford, Loubna H. Skalli from American University, Gretchen Bauer from University of Delaware, Uzma Ashiq Khan from Lahore College for University Women, Katsuo Nishikawa Chaves from Trinity University, Toni Michelle C. Travis from George Mason University, Kanisha Bond from University of Maryland, Zille Zahra Naqvi from Lahore College for Women University, and Jane Henrici from George Washington University. Read the rest of this entry »

Org Spotlight: DB Peru

July 30th, 2015

DB Peru

DBperuIn February 2003, Diana Bowie and Renzo Peña founded the  non-profit charitable organization in the United States, DB PERU, Inc.

From the United States, Diana first came to Peru in January 2001 as a tourist and returned again in May of that year. She was touched by the people in the jungle and after 2 visits, she knew that she wanted to help with their health care needs in some way. One of the guides from a local jungle lodge, Raul Petit, told her that the villages on the Napo River needed health care. In September 2002, Raul and Diana visited 6 villages on the lower Napo River. They held forums in each village to discuss the needs and problems of the people. From the data collected, the goals and actions for improving health care access and conditions became the basis for the mission for DB PERU.

The focus of the organization is on the themes of education and care. DB PERU works to routinely educational seminars are provided for the local health workers (promotores) and midwives (parteras).  With the help of local and foreign professionals, people receive medical and dental treatment during the visits.  Follow-up on patients with previously medical concerns is done on subsequent visits, and occasionally the DB Peruboat acts as a ferry for people from the villages seeking health care in the clinics and hospitals. Medicines and supplies are delivered to the villages, in addition to appropriate items taken to the hospitals in Iquitos and the clinics in the jungle towns. Installation of radio and solar panels has improved communications in the villages, which is now being augmented with higher technology. In 2011 a Women’s project was initiated to include screening for cancer with breast exams and pap smears, as well as assuring availability of birth control and sex education for teenagers.

GGP event

July 27th, 2015

Empowering Women through Political Participation and Empowering Politics through Women’s Participation  

July 30, 2015

8:30am-2:30pm

1957 E Street NW, 6th Floor, Lindner Family Commons

 

The Global Gender Program & The Institute for Global and International Affairs  

The Elliott School of International Affairs

The George Washington University

Washington, DC  20052

8:30-9:00am Continental breakfast

9:00am: Welcome

Barbara Miller

Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs, and

Director, Global Gender Program, George Washington University

  Read the rest of this entry »

Article of Note

July 27th, 2015

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Minorities in Transition: LGBT Rights and Activism in Myanmar

by Lynette J. Chua and David Gilbert

Human_rights_quarterlyGrounded in ongoing fieldwork inside Myanmar and among exiled Burmese communities, this article provides the first detailed account of the legal and human rights status of sexual orientation and gender identity minorities in Myanmar, with a focus on the abuses that they suffer. It also examines how Burmese activists overcame repressive laws to form an indigenous LGBT rights movement that has flourished since the start of the country’s recent political transition. The research thus sheds light not only on future challenges for LGBT rights activism, but also on the broader political mobilization of human rights in a changing Myanmar. The research has implications for states during democratic transition.

Human Rights Quarterly 37(1):1-28, 2015. [not open access]

Informational lunch brings together cultures and conversation

July 27th, 2015

by student contributor Lesli Davis
On Tuesday, the Global Gender Program hosted an informational lunch meeting titled “Global Norms about Gender Equality and Local Responses.” The meeting aimed to bring together GGP affiliates and local organizations to discuss gender standards amongst cultures worldwide.

super sixFeatured prominently in the lunch meeting were six visiting students and scholars from Lahore College for Women University (LCWU) in Pakistan. The six visitors are here in the U.S. as part of a three-year partnership between GW and LCWU through the State Department. While visiting, they will take gender courses at GW and learn about American culture.

Also present at the lunch were representatives from a number of local organizations and institutions, including Women Thrive Worldwide, American Association of University Women, United States Agency for International Development, and International Food Policy Research Institute. Various area universities were also represented, such as George Mason and American University.

Participants discussed various topics relating to gender equality in Pakistan, the United States and globally. Extensive conversation revolved around the participation of women in religion, politics, and in other public spheres. Everyone left with a full belly and increased cultural understanding.

Org Spotlight: To the Market

July 23rd, 2015

To the Market

To the Market is an organization that combines the powers of commerce and storytelling to empower the world’s most courageous survivor populations, in the belief that resilience is more powerful than suffering.  To The Market showcases handmade goods made exclusively by proud and passionate artisans who have overcome the perils of abuse, conflict, and disease. By assisting local partners around the world in bringing these goods “to the market,” the organization hopes and has the mission of taking an active role in equipping the survivors they employ with economic independence, while raising awareness of the challenges that they face.

The model of To the Market is unique and three pronged in structure. One of the first and primary goals of the model is to promote survivor-made goods via multiple distribution channels, including pop-up shops, custom sourcing, retail partnerships, and our online marketplace. Next, offering a platform for survivors and their champions to share their stories with a new, larger audience. Finally, the organization works to provide tailored services to the organizations local partners such as trend forecasting and basic mental health resources to improve production and management.

to the market

Article of Note

July 20th, 2015

Women’s Representation and Gender Quotas: The Case of the Polish Parliament

by Anna Gwiazda

ChosenLogo_V02Representation is inherent to democracy and truly representative institutions are vital for a good quality democracy. However, the argument that parliaments are not sufficiently representative because of female under-representation is widespread. A number of countries around the world have introduced gender quotas in order to enhance the descriptive representation of women. This article analyses women’s representation and the adoption of gender quotas in Poland. After several unsuccessful attempts, the law was finally approved in 2011. Veto players analysis is used to explain this policy change.

Democratization 22 (4):679-697, 2015 [not open access]
DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2013.869583

Where are the women?

July 20th, 2015

by student contributor Laura Kilbury

 

carolyn-maloney-3Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney entered the room at the Wilson Center’s event,  Restoring Hope and Dignity: New Developments and Best Practices in Addressing Maternal Morbidities, just coming off the house floor on July 14th.

She spoke with such fervor about women’s rights in the United States, using her coin phrase, “Where are the women?”

 

Where are the women?

The event was centralized on the practices of female genitalia mutilation (FGM) and how organizations such as Johnson and Johnson are partnering with UNFPA and USAID to tackle this issue with smart and creative strategies, such as kits and training specialized doctors through fellowship programs.

Maternal morbidities – illnesses and injuries that do not kill but nevertheless seriously affect a woman’s health – are a critical, yet frequently neglected, dimension of safe motherhood. For every woman who dies, many more are affected acutely or chronically by morbidities, said Karen Hardee, president of Hardee Associates at the Global Health Initiative.Hardee was joined by Karen Beattie, project director for fistula care at EngenderHealth, and Marge Koblinsky, senior technical advisor at John Snow, Inc., for a discussion moderated by Ann Blanc, director of EngenderHealth’s Maternal Health Task Force.

Read the rest of this entry »

Org Spotlight: SMARTgirl Project

July 16th, 2015

SMARTgirl Project

Program Review - SMARTgirl, Providing HIVAIDS Prevention and Care for Entertainment Workers, Reporting Period October 2008-June 2010-1The SMARTgirl project in Cambodia, a USAID funded project led by FHI 360. SMARTgirl aims to prevent and mitigate the impact of HIV and improve the sexual and reproductive health of entertainment workers, many of whom are sex workers. There are an estimated 35,000 entertainment workers in Cambodia, working at night clubs, bars, massage parlors, karaoke clubs (KTV), restaurants, beer gardens, as well as on the street. Prevalence of HIV is as high as 14 percent, among some groups of entertainment workers.

SMARTgirl stands apart from other programming among entertainment workers in Cambodia because of its positive, non-stigmatizing approach. It combines evidence-based interventions with the strong SMARTgirl brand, which empowers women to protect their health and well-being. SMARTgirl reaches nearly half of all EWs in Cambodia in their workplace, because it treats them respectfully, recognizes what is important to them and improves health-seeking behavior by raising self-esteem.

SMARTgirl is one of a number of projects that validates what the international community and national leaders have been emphasizing for more than a decade— that empowering women and girls are vital components of human development.

During Secretary Clinton’s recent ASEAN development meeting in Phnom Penh, she was influential in integrating gender equality and women’s empowerment into the Lower Mekong Initiative agenda. In a statement, she emphasized the importance of reproductive rights for achieving gender equality; an area that the innovative FHI 360 SMARTgirl program has been integrating into its HIV mitigation program.